In a recent comment, Adam said, “I beg to differ with you on this. The “very early tradition” was what we would call Saturday night worship, not Sunday worship. The Sunday morning worship services were from the influences of the worshippers of the Sun god (Sunday — Day of the Sun God).”
For those unfamiliar with this line of reasoning, there is a revisionist history in some circles that says:
1. Sunday worship was a late tradition.
2. Constantine worshipped the sun and made Sunday the day of worship.
3. Sunday worship is therefore pagan.
All I can say is check the historical sources and don’t believe something just because I, or Adam, says so. The Didache, written about 125 C.E, indicates that Sunday worship was already by that early date the norm in Asia Minor. The Didache calls it the Lord’s Day, the same term used in Revelation, published in Asia Minor also and only about 3o years prior. Constantine wasn’t until the 300’s. Also, the days of the week got their names considerably later, and most of our names for days of the week come from German mythology, not Roman.
Yes, Acts 20 does indicate that in some places meetings were held on Saturday night (havdallah). But one example does not make the rule.
Then Adam said:
I beg to differ with you again! Most people think the commandments for Shabbat are exclusively found in the Ten Commandments, and so miss:
‘For six days work may be done , but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a ***holy convocation***. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the LORD in all your dwellings.
The word translated as “convocation” is “miqra,” which means a sacred assembly for reading and worship.
This translation of MIQRA is terribly mistaken. I cite as my source Jacob Milgrom, the dean of Leviticus scholars. As a religious Jew, he would be quick to agree with Adam’s definition if there was any evidence. No, MIQRA means proclamation and Leviticus 23:3 speaks of the priests proclaiming the new moons and the festivals from the temple.
This is vital to know: there were no synagogues in ancient Israel. The synagogue began in Babylon when there was no more temple to worship at. People did not come each week to the temple. That would be impossible even in a small country like Israel. There was no weekly worship service until the Babylonian captivity and even then it did not become widespread until the second temple was destroyed in 70 C.E.
Therefore, Adam’s interpretation of Leviticus 23:3 is dead wrong.
To summarize then:
1. Early non-Jewish Yeshua-followers chose Sunday very early on as their day of worship and it is a beautiful tradition.
2. Saturday is a day of rest biblically and only in tradition is it a day of worship.