There are some wonderful traditions of prayer surrounding Sukkot. The most interesting is the waving of the lulav. To get the full effect, gather a few hundred thousand people in Jerusalem surrounding the Temple. Have them all waving palm branches and citrons while reciting Psalms. Oy. Those who do not long for the Temple’s rebuilding have too little imagination.
The first night of Sukkot (Erev Sukkot) is a Yom Tov. Candles are lit in the Sukkah with two prayers: (1) the l’hadlikh ner shel yom tov and (2) the shehekhiyanu. A Yom Tov is a holiday Sabbath which is different from a regular Sabbath in that food preparation for that day is allowed.
Ushpizin Upon Entering the Sukkah
Some follow the custom (optional) of welcoming guests from sacred history (such as Abraham) with a blessing. Artscroll Complete Siddur, pages 720-723. Koren Siddur, pages 766-767.
Kiddush in the Sukkah for Erev Sukkot
There is a special addition to the Kiddush for Erev Sukkot. Artscroll Complete Siddur, pages 722-725. Koren Siddur, pages 768-769.
Kiddush on Intermediate Days (Hol HaMo’ed)
Artscroll Complete Siddur, pages 360-361. Koren Siddur, pages 580-581.
After the Morning Service: Blessing the Lulav and Etrog
This is usually done before the Hallel. The etrog stem should face up during the blessing and be turned down after. Artscroll Complete Siddur, pages 630-631. Koren Siddur, 730-731.
Waving the Lulav and Etrog
Before reciting Hallel, it is time to wave the four species. Hold the lulav wand in the right hand with the palm spine facing you and the etrog in the left hand. The cut stalk side of the etrog should be facing down and the protruding end facing up. Wave the lulav and etrog east, south, west, north, up, and down. Each wave is a forward and backward motion which causes the leaves to shake.
Every morning of Sukkot, after the morning prayers, Hallel is recited. Artscroll Complete Siddur, pages 632-643. Koren Siddur, pages 732-743.
Every morning of Sukkot the Hoshanot are recited. The laws of Hoshanot are found in the Artscroll Complete Siddur, pages 726-757. Koren Siddur, pages 852-873. On the seventh day five willow branches are beaten out on the ground during the Hoshanot.
Farewell to the Sukkah
On the last day, when leaving the Sukkah: Artscroll Complete Siddur, pages 724-725.